1. Who spoke to Moses and Aaron while they were in the land of Egypt?
“And the Lord spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying,” Exodus 12:1.
2. What was said to them at this time?
“This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you,” verse 2.
3. What were they commanded to tell the children of Israel?
“Speak you unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this [the first] month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house,” verse 3.
4. Was this lamb to be a perfect one?
“Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats,” verse 5.
5. How long was this lamb to be kept up?
“And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month,” verse 6.
6. What were they to do with this lamb?
“And the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening,” verse 6.
7. What were they to do with the blood of this lamb?
“And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper doorpost of the houses, wherein they shall eat it,” verse 7.
8. Would there be any one destroyed in the homes where the blood of this lamb was found?
“And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt,” verse 13.
9. What were they to do with the flesh of this lamb?
“And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it,” verse 8.
10. For how long a time would this day be kept as an ordinance?
“And this day shall be unto you for a memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to the Lord throughout your generations; ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever,” verse 14.
11. What is this same day called in the New Testament?
“And it was the preparation of the passover, and about the sixth hour: and he saith unto the Jews, Behold your King!” John 19:14.
12. What happened to Christ during the light part of this same day?
“But they cried out, Away with Him, away with Him, crucify Him. Pilate saith unto them, Shall I crucify your King? The chief priests answered, We have no king but Caesar. Then delivered he Him therefore unto them to be crucified. And they took Jesus, and led Him away . . . . where they crucified Him, and two others with Him, on either side one, and Jesus in the midst,” John 19:15-18.
13. What did Christ institute on this same day, but prior to His arrest?
“And He took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is My body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of Me. Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the new testament in My blood, which is shed for you,” Luke 22:19, 20. See also Matthew 26:26-29; Mark 14:22-25.
14. In connection with the bread and fruit of the vine, what did He introduce?
“He riseth from supper, and laid aside His garments; and took a towel, and girded Himself. After that He poureth water into a basin, and began to wash the disciples’ feet, and to wipe them with the towel wherewith He was girded,” John 13:4, 5.
15. Must we follow this example?
“If I then, your Lord and Master, have washed your feet; ye also ought to wash one another’s feet,” verse 14.
16. What did He say He had given us?
“For I have given you an example, that ye should do as I have done to you,” verse 15.
17. During what part of the day did these things occur, the light or the dark part?
“He then having received the sop went immediately out: and it was night,” verse 30.
18. During what part of the twenty-four hour period does Paul say these things occurred?
“For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus the same night in which He was betrayed took bread: and when He had given thanks, He brake it, and said, Take, eat, this is My body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of Me. After the same manner also He took the cup, when He had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in My blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of Me,” I Corinthians 11:23-25.
19. By following these instructions what do we show?
“For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do shew the Lord’s death till He come,” verse 26.
NOTE: It would be impossible to celebrate Independence Day on the 25th of December. Why? For the simple reason that July 4th was the day on which the Declaration of Independence was passed and signed, and is the only day upon which it can be successfully celebrated. This day, the fourth of July, points us back to the time when we, in reality, won our freedom. The same is true with the fourteenth day of the first month (Bible time). Upon this day a real sacrifice was made for sin; in observing the Passover upon this day, we show the Lord’s death till He comes again.
20. Of what will one be guilty when they partake of these emblems unworthily?
“Wherefore whosoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord, unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord,” verse 27.
21. What is really necessary before partaking of these emblems?
“But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup,” verse 28.
22. What will one bring to himself by eating and drinking unworthily?
“For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord’s body,” verse 29.
NOTE: According to the Bible, the year commences with the new moon after the Vernal Equinox in the spring. Then fourteen days later than this is the time for the Passover, which should be taken during the first part of the night of the fourteenth day.